>>98202391>All of these sound like arbitrary rules
Nope>On reward and punishment
Proportionality of reward and punishment is the very nature of desert. Rewards fully realise the good accomplished in an act, unobscured by ignorance or vice. Insofar as they are not proportionate to the good accomplished, they are not rewards, but gifts. So does punishment fully realise the privation in a person accomplished by vice. More than this is gratuitous torment.
Since human beings, as finite creatures, only accomplish finite goods, no reward proportionate to human action could be the infinite good. Hence the atheist, or the worldly man more generally, cannot deserve the infinite good which is eternal life.>on eternal life
Human beings are by nature changeable, and thus by nature mortal and finite. If we are to transcend this, and achieve what we don't have, we require help from that which is not mortal and finite. To receive such help is to be related to this source of immortality in a certain way. Since God alone is immortal and infinite, the only place such help could come, and the only relation in virtue of which such help could come, is relation with him. As any relation, in order to exist, requires a disposition in the relata for the relation, such a disposition, which is faith, must exist in the human.
TL;DR- when one understands the nature of desert, and the nature of the problem of eternal life, Christian theology fits quite neatly.