EXAMPLES. Multiply 37 by 231 Multiply 48 by -* 2)37 48 23 23 181 242} 111 12** 74 96 8691 Answer. 132 Ans 3. Multiply 211 by 50%. Ans. 106554 4. Multiply 2464 by 8. Ans. 20533 3. Multiply 345 by 19. Ans. 65983 6. Multiply 6497 by 51. Ans. 334134 Questions to exercise Multiplication and Division. 2. What will 97 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a ton ? Ans. $1361 2. If it takes 320 rods to make a mile, and every rad contain: 54 yards ; how many yards are there in a mile? Ans. 1760. 3. Sıld a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her ; what was my part of the money ? $8637. 4. In 276 barrels of raisins, each 3} cwt. how many hundred weight ? Ans. 966 cwt. 5. In 36 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 241 yards; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds. 6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself? Ans. 25921. 7. If a man spends 492 dollars a year, what is that per calendar month? Ans. $41. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man ; what is the value of the prize? Ans. £7735. 9. What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 ? Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and tho divisor 8; what is the dividend i Ans. 3656. 11. What cost 9 yards of cloth, at 38. per yard? Ans. 275 13. What cost 45 oxen, at 8l. per bead? Ans. £360. 13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. or 250 cents per lb. Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seventeen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the re, mainder will be just 1000. Try it and see. COMPOUND ADDITION Is the adding of several numbers together, having differert denominations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tons, hundreds, quarters, &c. RULE.* 1. Place the numbers so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other. 2. Add the first column or denoinination together, as in whole numbers ; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as make one of the next greater ; setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition. 1. STERLING MONEY Is the money of account in Great-Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables. * The reason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this monev, as 1 in the pence is equat in the farthings: 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the funds, to 20 in the shillings: therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each colunin, prop.. verly in the scale of denominations and this reasoning will hold good in the addition of compund numbers of any denomination whatever. S. 14 111 EXAMPLES. 2. d. What is the sum total of 471. 13s. 47 13 6 6d.-191.28.9ad..-141. 108.11td. 19 2 91 and 121. 'Js. iad. Thus 10 | 12 9 Ansider, £.99 76 41 (2) (3) (4) ఓ. s. . £. d. gr. 1, 17 13 11 84 17 5 3 30 11 4 . 13 10 2 75 13 4 5 15 10 9 1 10 17 3 50 17 8 2 1 0 1 1 8 7 2010 10 1 3 98 3 3 3 4 16 5 0 4 63 1 * GNER 11. Find the amount of the following L. 8. d. sums, viz. 421. 13s. 5d.--11l. 103.-41. 173. 8d.-131. Us. 70.-19s 4.d.-271. and 151. 6s. Ans. £. 115 7 0.1 12. Add 3041. 5s. and 0.4.-341. 19s. 7d. -71. 188 5d.-2471. Os. 11d.-19s. 6d. Iqr. and 451. together. Ans. £. 640 3s. 5 d. 13. Find the sum total of '141. 195. 6.-11l. 45. Id. 251. 10s.-41. Os. 6d.-31. 58. 8.-19s. 6d. and Os. 61. Ans. £. 60 Os. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings, £. $. do Sixty-four pounds and nine pence, Ninety-five pounds, nineteen shillings, Seventeen shillings and 4d. Ans. £. 201 6 13 15. How much is the sum of Ans. . 10 Os. 10 d. 16. Bought a quantity of goods for 125l. 10s. paid for truckage, forty-five shillings, for freight, seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties, thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expenses were fifty-three shillings and nine pence; what did the goods stand me in? Ans. £. 136 4s. Id. 17. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally among them, each nan shared tivo hundred and forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence; how much money did the whole prize amount to? Ans. £. 1444 13. 6d. |