Are they the same thing?
Having the wrong explanation for what actual phenomena in a way that kinda works some of the time is perhaps the very definition superstition. My food went bad, maybe there is some kind of kitchen god gremlin like creature that looks down upon me, like my mother probably physically abused me when I was little. When you 'smash apart' nuclei weird things happen, maybe it is possible to 'break apart' atoms like a billiard ball, even though the very definition 'atom' is, well, something 'atomic'.
Is it possible that the 'subatomic particles' we see in particle accelerators are actually short-lived heavy atomic nuclei, with atomic numbers as high as 1000?